Puppies and dogs are advised to have a triennial C5 vaccination programme which provides immunisation against the five diseases D,H,P, Bb & PI2:
- (D) Distemper virus <1% of cases
- (H) Hepatitis <1% of cases
- (P) Parvo virus (accounts for approx 1-10% of cases, depending if an outbreak is current or not
- (Bb) Bordetella brontiseptica bacteria and
- (PI2) ParaInfluenza virus (together with Bordetella is known as Canine cough - or kennel cough - and accounts for upto 98-99% of cases when there is not an out break of Parvo
Puppies receive their first vaccination between 6 and 8 weeks of age and have the DHP or C3 vaccine. Puppies must be kept confined to the house at this stage of their development.
The second puppy vaccination is advised to be given at 10 weeks of age, but in the past was given routinely at 12 weeks of age. The 10 week vaccine is a C5, which is given as two different treatments, one an injection (the C3 DHP component) and the other as a nasal delivery dose (the Bb/PI2 cannie cough component). By having the nasal dose, puppies will rapidly develop their immunity against the canine cough disease and will be able to meet other dogs and puppies and go for walks TWO WEEKS after the vaccination is given.
Previously the canine cough was incorporated into the injection with the DHP and meant immunity wasn't until two weeks AFTER the last 16 week vaccination!
The last puppy vaccination at 16 weeks of age is a repeat of the C3 vaccination and principally bolsters the Parvo immunity setting your puppy up for the triennial vaccination programme.
The current triennial C5 vaccination programme reduces the amount of vaccine given to an individual dog to a minimum over its lifetime - BUT MAXIMISES its immunity against these five diseases. The Canine or Kennel Cough component (Bb/PI2) is given EVERY year, annually as an injection, but the DHP or C3 component is given every three years combined with the Bb/PI2 also in an injection. We will know which vaccine is due to be given and the cost is the same (you do not pay more for the full C5 every 3 years!).
Kittens and Cats are advised to have the F3 vaccine AND the FIV vaccine annually. The F3 vaccination includes:
- Cat Parvo virus (Feline Panleukopenia virus)
- Rhinotrachitis virus (Herpes virus), (part of the Cat Flu complex)
- Feline Calicivirus (part of the Cat Flu complex)
The FIV vaccine (feline immunodeficiency virus) is also known as Feline AIDS.
The Chlamydia vaccination is not advised for kittens and cats not in an intensive cattery or breeding type situation. Many or all kittens and cats that come to us from the AWL (Animal Welfare League) will have routinely had Chlamydia included in their first vaccination there. This is usually discontinued once the kitten is in its new home.
The first kitten vaccination is given between 6 and 8 weeks of age and is an F3 vaccination.
The second kitten vaccination or immunisation is given at 12 weeks of age and also is an F3.
The first of the FIV vaccines is usually given also at 12 weeks of age, as a separate injection. The second FIV vaccination can be given between 2 and 4 weeks later, so most will have the second FIV needle at 14 weeks of age. Some will wait and give it after the last F3, if they were unable to manage getting in at 14 weeks of age.
The third and last of the kitten F3 vaccinations sis given at 16 weeks of age, and the third and last FIV vaccination is also given at this time.
Kittens must be confined indoors until 2 weeks after their last injection. If the full course of F3 and FIV vaccinations is completed at 16 weeks of age, then the kitten can go out at 18 weeks of age.
If, due to a variety of reasons, the last vaccination is given later, say the last FIV was delayde until 20 weeks of age, then the kitten must not go outside until 22 weeks of age.
Rabbits are vaccinated against the Rabbit Calicivirus Disease or RCD.
Rabbit kits (baby rabbits are known as 'kits') recieve their first RCD vaccination usually as soon as you bring your new kit home. If the kit is under 10 weeks of age, it will need a booster RCD vaccination 4 weeks later, and then annually.
Therefore, most people wait until their young rabbit is 10 to 12 weeks old before having its first vaccination as a 4 week booster is not required; only yearly vaccinations thereafter.
In Australia, it is illegal to vaccinate against myxomatosis virus, as the vaccine is a form of live virus that would potentially spread to the wild rabbit population and spread immunity against this disease.